Church Building and Property Characteristics
A typical church architecture is the how structures used by believers are designed and set up.
Day in day out this architectural design of a typical church is developing from simple to more complex structures, with some taking the design of others structures surrounding them and others coming up with new more complex designs that are meaningful according to their beliefs.
Some like the Catholic Basilicas and Parish Churches are Always set up with some consultation and with a Regional believes attached . These structure at times act as landmarks in the areas they have been set up.
There is a difference between the churches built in the 4th century and those that have been built in the 20th century due to the introduction of more permanent materials of construction like steel, iron, diamond, concrete, ballast and others.
Historical Development of the typical church design/architecture .
The first structures constructed to be used as churches were just simple structures usually built of mud and wattle plus other available local materials and probably thatched using grass or other materials.
The structures improved and got roofed by iron sheets and with time there have been more progress on the church structure of today. From that simple locally made structure, the churches have been really modified to fit several wants and to favour certain conditions and also beliefs of the Christians constructing them which is an achievement of all times. And it has as well evolved from the simplest structure to a permanent attractive building, with very unique properties and characteristics.
Elements of a typical christian place of worship
There are some elements that should be considered and actually put in a typical church architecture.
- Its an addition to a church which often gives the building an aesthetically pleasing featur and also enhances the harmony of the design .The steeple usually the highest architectural feature in an area and provides a landmark for people to find a religious building from any part of town or villages or neighbourhoods nearby.
- Church bells.
- They are usually located within the steeple and often serve as a communication device to the local town people.It signifies the time for worshippers to gather for a church service and could also be used like a warning to people incase of fire or other danger approaching.
- A Nave.
- A nave is the central and principal part of a Christian Church extending from the entrance and is sometimes called narthex; to the pulpit area and its sometimes called a channel or presbitery.
- It is usually designed in the front part of the church from which the service is conducted .This is where the pastor(s) and choir are often located ,usually on a raised dais. However, in some church designs,the channel and the nave are not architecturally distinct .
- This is usually a pool that is built into the floor or the wall of the chancel area and usually used for the practice of baptism by immersion.
- It is also known as communion table and is in the chancel area that the clergy use for communion.
- Stained Glass Windows
- Stained glass windows are coloured glass made of metal oxides as well as glass on which colours have been painted and then fused in a kiln.It is very common to see religious figures painted on these windows and it also provides a beautiful aesthetic to church goers. These windows may also be the highlight of a particular church, with people flocking all over the world to see stained glass paintings from a part of the world.
- It is a raised platform or lectern in a church or chapel from which the preacher delivers a sermon .
- A bare cross is used to reflect the fact that Jesus overcame his suffering and death and is risen while crucifix has an image of Jesus depicting the suffering jesus went through.
Factors to be considered
There are some few factors to be considered while deciding on the typical church architecture to use .
1.Human factors.The typical church Architecture should answer the question “How big should it be?” and is determined by the intended use ,capacity of congregation ,furnitures and equipment requirements.The architecture should consider the number of the that can comfortably sit and their spacing and also consider fire exit pathways.
2.Environment .Its important to understand the climatic conditions of an area in which you are planning to put up a structurein order to create a desirable environment for the inhabitant and also deal with most efficiently with the weather’s impact on the building.
3. Denomination.Different denominations or branches of Christianity might have a certain preference. For example, check out this you tube video on architecture that is specific to the Catholic Church.
Which of these properties on sale have the obvious characteristics of a church?